Human Element Tools and Guidance

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The Maritime and Coastguard Agency Human Element Team (MCA HE) has developed and published a number of tools and guides which are either available as downloads from the MCA or for hard copy purchase from our publishing partners, TSO 

The publications have been developed with the collaboration of industry to improve the understanding of the human element across industry and help drive forwards improvements in operation and safety performance through greater awareness and best practice. 

  • Leading for Safety - this is a popular guide which focuses on the 10 key core leadership qualities for effective safety leadership. It was developed from a major research project into safety and leadership. It is available in 8 languages: English, French, Spanish, Russian, Tagalog, Arabic, Chinese and Japanese. Available by free download or by contacting the MCA Human Element Team
  • Human Element Assessment Tools - MCA has developed two tools for assessing safety culture on board ship and in the shore side company:

Both are for use as self-improvement audit tools but can be used flexibly according to the  precise operation of each organisation. 

  • The Human Element - a guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry - published in 2001 and written by organisational psychologists Dik Gregory and Paul Shananhan, this guide was produced in co-operation with partners Teekay Shipping, BP Shipping and the Standard P and I Club. It won the 2011 Safety at Sea International award in the management/operations category. It is a practical guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry and provides many good ideas on how to improve the performance of the human element. A PDF version can be downloaded by clicking here.  

The Human Element - a guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry

The Human Element - a guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry

  • Being Human in safety critical organisations - published in 2017, this builds upon "The Human Element - a guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry" and takes the understanding of the role of humans at work to another level. It focuses on human capabilities, strengths and limitations and how we can use the knowledge of these to improve operational and safety performance. Written by the same authors - Dik Gregory and Paul Shananhan and supported by the same partners - Teekay Shipping, BP Shipping and the Standard P and I Club. The guide is full of practical advice and guidance for individual seafarers and companies to enhance their personal and organisational resilience. 

                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Both The Human Element and Being Human are available to purchase directly from TSO by clicking here

 

Guidance Notes 

MGN 505 (M) Human Element Guidance - Fatigue and Fitness for Duty.

This Marine Guidance Note reminds owners, operators, managers and all personnel working on board seagoing, domestic and inland waterway vessels about their duties under UK and international shipping legislation in relation to fatigue, and  provides some practical information and guidance about causes and effects of fatigue and how to manage it.

MGN 520 (M) Human Element Guidance - Part 2 The Deadly Dozen -12 Significant People Factors in Maritime Safety

This Marine Guidance Note raises awareness of twelve of the most common people related factors – the Deadly Dozen - which can affect maritime safety, along with suggested mitigating actions available to companies, masters and seafarers.